Monday, April 27, 2015

Early American Pattern Glass or Pressed Glass

Cut Glass Compote
Cut Glass Plate
Cut Glass Cruet
If you were wealthy in 1880, your dining room table was set with an elaborate array of cut glass pieces but if your household had less money to spend, your table held early American pattern or pressed glass. Pattern glass copied the look of cut glass but it was much cheaper to make because the glass was pressed into molds.

Pressed Glass Pickle Dish
Pressed Glass Creamer
Pressed Glass Cake Plate
In 1829, The Boston and Sandwich Glass Company built molds and patented a machine to press glass. By blowing glass into the mold and using a plunger type device to press the glass into the pattern carved in the mold, pattern glass could be manufactured quickly and inexpensively.


Pressed Glass Amber Bowl
It is sometimes difficult to distinguished cut glass from pressed glass but can be done by looking closely at the glass item.  Cut glass is hand cut on a wheel and is labor intensive.  The edges of cut glass are sharp, the cuts are deep and the finished product sparkles as it catches the light.  Pressed glass has mold seams, blunt edges, and somewhat less sparkle but the mold seams can be eliminated by fire polishing. Notice the mold seam on the base of the amber pressed glass bowl to the right.
The Victorian period between 1850 and 1910 was the hay day of the pressed glass or early American pattern glass manufacturing.   There were hundreds of factories producing thousands of different patterns in every imaginable type of object.  Some patterns included up to fifty different pieces, including table sets, goblets, pitchers, compotes, vases, centerpieces and novelty items.  The homemaker could not only choose a pretty pattern but also a wide variety of colors from clear crystal glass to beautiful blues, greens, yellow, or amber to give her dining room a special elegance. 

Pressed Glass Goblet

Pressed Glass Table Set
Pressed Glass Vase
Pressed Glass Tumbler
Pressed Glass Compote
Today pressed glass or early American pattern glass is collected by glass connoisseurs around the world for its beautiful colors, unique designs, historical significance or its nostalgic connection to an ancestor. Glassware worldwide is still being manufactured by the machine pressed process making ordinary utilitarian products and reproductions of early American pattern glass. Check out Reuzeit     Emporium for a wide variety of great antique pressed glass and cut glass pieces.

Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Gillinder Glass and Novelty Easter Eggs
   I associate the Gillinder Glass Works with novelty items, especially their beautiful milk glass Easter Eggs. They did make some early American patterns, like daisy and button, barred star, and many leaf patterns but the majority of their pieces fall into the novelty category. Gillinder is well known for their ABC and figural plates, lion head ink stand, millefiori paperweights, and some toothpick holders, and, of course, glass eggs.
Shoe marked Gillinder Souvenir on bottom
  The Franklin Flint Glass Works was founded in 1861 in Philadelphia by William Thynne Gillinder. William was born in England and immigrated to the United States as a young man. Not long after opening his glass factory, he formed a partnership with Edwin Bennett. The first World's Fair to be held in the United States, was held in Philadelphia in 1876. The Centennial Exhibition was a major part of the World's Fair and William decided to build a working glass factory on the site. William's two sons, James and Frederick created glass items in their newly constructed blast furnace. Over one million people visited their glass factory and many people bought Gillinder glass for souvenirs. One report said that over 100,000 glass slippers were sold at the fair.

   Gillinder Glass Works encountered many problems during the next thirty years. In 1912, three Gillinder brothers, the grandsons of William purchased the Orange County Flint Glass Works in Port Jervis. They opened the new plant, Gillinder Brothers, in 1913. The Gillinder Glass Store still occupies space on this site.
  Gillinder Glass is still in operation today, owned and operated by Charles Gillinder, the sixth generation of Gillinders. It is located at 39 Erie St, Port Jervis, NY 12771.  Tours and glass blowing demonstrations are offered Monday through Friday. Today the company produces industrial and technical lighting , such as airport runway lights and artistic enhanced illuminations. And today, antique Gillinder novelty items are collected and prized for their unique design and lasting appeal. The Gillinder Easter eggs make a lovely addition to your Easter holiday decorations.

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

The Valentine Heart

Valentine gifts have always been a special personal way to communication between two people.  A Valentine with a heart in it signifies love. The heart was once thought to be the origin of all human emotion. Gifting a heart was considered a selfless act of giving everything to your true love. Show your special person your love with a unique or traditional heart shaped gift from Reuzeit Emporium!

Unique Gifts

Heart Shaped Railroad Lock

Heart Shaped Trinket Box

Porcelain Cup with Hart Handle

Traditional Gifts 

Gold Heart Shaped Locket

Gold Heart Shaped Euilloche Locket

Hearth Shaped Locket Pendant

CharmValentine Love Bracelet

Charm Heart Bracelet

Heart Stick Pin

Heart Locket Necklace

Blue Stone Heart Necklace

Open Heart Necklace

Silver Double Love Knot Ring

Lady Portrait Pin

Rhinestone Open Heart Necklace

Post Card Gifts

          Happy Valentine's Day!

Monday, January 12, 2015

Antique Souvenir Collectibles!

Souvenir is a French word for memory or remembrance.   People buy souvenir objects and take them home to remember a certain place, trip, activity or event that has special meaning to them.  In the late 1800's and continuing into the 1900's glass items  were a popular souvenir purchase.  Mementos could be bought from a World's Fair Exposition to a local county fair, and these souvenir glass items could be engraved, stamped or painted with the date and event or your name or a loved one's name.

Egg Flat Side, Columbian 1893 Exhibition World Fair Souvenir, opaque white, original top, produced for WL Libbey and Sons Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Bead and Scroll Toothpick Holder, US Glass Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Horrizontal Threads Toothpick Holder

Maybe you went to Atlantic City and walked along the boardwalk.  Several shops along your way would be advertising souvenir ruby stained glass.  You might browse the shelves and pick out a pretty pattern  in a small pitcher, mug, punch cup, toothpick holder or salt shaker and then have it engraved.  It was difficult to decide what to have engraved on the glass,  maybe just the words Atlantic City would be enough, adding  the date was important, and your name just to prove that you were really there. Sometimes there was so much engraving on the glass that the entire object was covered.
Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Diamond Peg Punch Cup,Jefferson Glass Co Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Punch Cup Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Ribbed Tumbprint Toothpick Holder, jefferson Glass Co 1907
At state and county fairs, a skilled artisan would hand paint flowers or other decorations that you requested on your purchase.  Hometown business, like  furniture stores, drug stores, general merchandise stores would order souvenir items from the glass factory with the name of their town and maybe their business stamped on the  glass.  Business would often give this glass away to good customers to advertise their business or people might buy a piece as a keepsake from their  hometown.

Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Corona Salt Shaker, Greensburg Glass Co 1894 Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Big Button Mug Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Beaded Swag Toothpick Holder, Heisey

Hand Stamped
Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Salt Shaker Antique EAPG Blue Tiny Optic Toothpick Holder, Jefferson Glass Antique Custard Tiny Thumbprint Toothpick Holder, Tarentum Glass Co

Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Heart Band Mug, McKee & Brothers Glass Co Antique Custard Shot Glass Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Blocked Thumbprint Band Salt & Pepper Shaker

Hand Painted
Antique Custard Punty Band Mug, Heisey Glass Antique EAPG Ruby Stained Heart BAnd Salt Shaker, McKee & Brothers Antique Custard Punty BandToothpick Holder, Heisey
Maybe the next time you are out and about on your travels, you'll decide to bring home a memento to remember that special time or place or you could decide to collect antique souvenir glass that has a special meaning to you.  Reuzeit Emporium has a nice selection of antique souvenir glass to help you get started.

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